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Languages with strict noun initiality in the noun phrase will always have quantifiers following the noun (e.g., a lot of Nilo-Saharan languages). For example, in Kalenjin languages (Southern Nilotic; Kenya), no element may ever precede the noun (within the noun phrase), which means that the quantifier is always post-nominal, as in (1). However, this is a bit different from the "post-nominal" examples you gave, which involve floating quantifiers, rather than real noun phrase-internal post-nominal quantifiers of the Kalenjin type.

(1) a. làagóok túgùl (children all) vs. b. *túgúl làagóok (all children) Kipsigis (Kalenjin)