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As a syntactician, I generally use the phrase "surface subject" to refer to something that is the subject of its clause, as the clause is actually pronounced. In my kind of syntax, we posit lots of cases in which subjects begin their lives as something else; the passive voice, for example, is often analyzed as having subjects which start out as objects (for example, in a sentence like "The bread was eaten", "the bread" starts off as the object of 'eaten', and then becomes the subject). So a 'surface subject' might start off as a subject, or might not.

The writer may not be using the phrase exactly that way; I assume the writer is referring to 'Jennifer', and claiming that this is simultaneously the subject of the embedded clause and the object of the higher clause. I'm not sure I agree with that analysis, but that's how I'd read that passage.