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Proto Indo European Language

asked 2017-04-23 04:07:04 -0400

A S Sundar gravatar image

I am on a research work in PIE.The link http://indo-european.info/dictionary-... provides pairs of English and IE words.Most of the words prima-facie show no sound correspondence or any kind of relationship between them.Can some one explain to me the basis of selection of the pairs? A few examples are furnished for reference here under.

  • List item English--IE abandoned-ermos above-upsi adorn-mondo black-krsnos
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answered 2017-04-26 21:08:55 -0400

ksteimel gravatar image

updated 2017-04-26 21:09:18 -0400

Those are translations but they are not necessarily what the English words are cognate with. For example, abandon is from the PIE root bhā which meant something like 'to speak' according to the American Heritage dictionary of Indo-European roots. Semantic changes happen in addition to sound changes so that the word that best corresponds in meaning is not necessarily the word that descended from the root. Does that help?

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Asked: 2017-04-23 04:07:04 -0400

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Last updated: Apr 26