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linguistics term for kind of expression/coinage

Is there a linguistics term for an expression that derives from the sound of another word?

The example I have is pejorative, so please forgive me. I will try to text it in white, so if you want to avoid it--don't highlight the lines below (and if this doesn't work--I'm punting with HTML5--I apologize!):

Catholic > Cat licker

I'm curious if there's a name for this type of derivation, and also if it typically happens for negative connotations mostly or if positive expressions develop this way sometimes as well?

Thanks so much!

linguistics term for kind of expression/coinage

Is there a linguistics term for an expression that derives from the sound of another word?

The example I have is pejorative, so please forgive me. I will try to text it in white, so if you want to avoid it--don't highlight the lines below (and if this doesn't work--I'm punting with HTML5--I apologize!):

Catholic > Cat licker

I'm curious if there's a name for this type of derivation, and also if it typically happens for negative connotations mostly or if positive expressions develop this way sometimes as well?

Thanks so much!